Waarde Kunst in de Zorg

Kunst heeft waardeIn de publicatie Kunst is Goud waard komen drie thema’s terug over de waarde van actieve kunstparticipatie:

  • Meedoen aan een kunstproject brengt positieve gevoelens 
  • Samen deelnemen aan een kunstproject brengt meer diepgaand contact. 
  • Kunst maken brengt uitdaging 

Bovenstaande is een antwoord op de vraag: Wat is de waarde van actieve kunstparticipatie voor senioren? Dat is één van de vragen die centraal stond in het onderzoek Kunst in de Zorg. In maart 2021 presenteerden we de resultaten in een ZOOM sessie. Bekijk hier de pdf met de presentatie van de bevindingen van de SenseMaker. De opname van de presentatie zelf kun je hier terugkijken

Ook beschrijven we in de publicatie Kunst is Goud waard dat ‘Kunst als connecterende kracht’ optreedt. Een andere vraag in het onderzoek Kunst in de Zorg was namelijk: Wat zijn de werkende mechanismen van actieve kunstparticipatie voor senioren? Deze vraag is beantwoord door een analyse van de verhalen van ouderen aan de hand van de taxonomie van Cousins en collega’s (2020).

Prof.dr. Tineke Abma presenteerde op de eindmanifestatie de kernbevindingen uit dit onderzoek, zie hier de audio/video van deze presentatie (volgt na 29 juni), waarin ze inging op de waarde en werkzame elementen van kunst in de zorg.

 

Over dit vraagstuk schreven we ook twee academisch artikelen geschreven. Hieronder leest u de samenvattingen hiervan. Zodra deze artikels worden gepubliceerd, delen we het artikel op deze site.

The impact of active arts engagement on health and well-being of older adults: a nation-wide participatory mixed-method study
An emerging body of research indicates that active arts engagement can enhance older adults’ health and subjective well-being, but the evidence is still fragmented. There is a research gap in the understanding of arts engagement grounded in a multidimensional conceptualization of the impact of health and well-being from older participants’ perspectives. This nationwide study aimed to explore the broader impact of arts engagement on older people’s perceived health and well-being in 19 participatory arts-based initiatives (dance, music, singing, theater, visual arts, video) for community dwelling older adults and those living in long term care facilities in the Netherlands. In this participatory study design, we gathered micro-narratives from older people and their (in)formal caregivers (n=470) and combined qualitative and quantitative methods. This study shows that older adults themselves do not solely focus on positive biomedical outcomes of arts engagement, the effects on their physical health. The findings show that arts engagement, according to participants, resulted in: 1) positive feelings, 2) artistic growth, and 3) increased meaningful social interactions. This study concludes that art-based practices promote older people’s wellbeing and shows the potential of increasing the quality of life of older people living in a long-term care facility and the community.

Ingediend in special issue over New Advances in Aging van International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. In review.

How participatory arts can contribute to older adults’ wellbeing. Cousins taxonomy re-visited
Background: There is growing evidence that art contributes to well-being. However, pathways of impact that underlie the impact of active art engagement remain overlooked. Therefore, Cousins et al. (2020) developed a taxonomy for arts & health projects, specifically for people with dementia. The purpose of this study was to find out if the taxonomy is useful to understand pathways of impact for a broader group of elderly people.

Methods: A framework analysis of five case studies of participatory art projects in the Netherlands (visual arts, dance and singing) by employing Cousins’ et al. (2020) taxonomy on arts interventions for people with dementia. 

Results: Participatory art initiatives contributed to wellbeing through a complex interplay of the artist, active art engagement, group work, material aspects and project specific values. Four elements of the taxonomy stood out for participatory projects with older adults: connection, possibility, humanity and involvement.

Conclusion: The taxonomy of Cousins et al (2020) is not only useful to understand pathways of impact of participatory arts with people with dementia, but with older adults in general. Affective atmospheres were an important starting point for participants to connect, flow, feel supported in psychosocial wellbeing, and grow on a personal and artistic level.

Binnenkort wordt deze ingediend bij Arts & Health Journal.